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I'm leaving和I'm going to leave

發布:jetshing    時間:2012/11/27 11:24:52     瀏覽:13778次

1.Both of them are future forms .

"I'm leaving tomorrow"
this form is a future arrangement( or Present continues ) : is used to express a future arrangement between people . It usually refers to the near future .

" I'm going to leave tomorrow. "
Going to is used to express a future plan , decision , or intention made before the moment of speaking .

2.(1) When I was leaving room, the phone rang.

(2) When I was just going to leave room, the phone rang.

(1) means that you were actually walking out of the room. (2) means that you were intending to leave almost immediately, but you hadn't yet started to walk out.

In other words, the first means you were in the process of leaving the room, the second simply implies intent to leave the room, but could also have the implication of one being in the process of leaving the room.

3.翻譯成中文,這兩個句子的意思都是“我明天將動身”,似乎沒有什么不同之處,但回到英文原句,兩句的意思區分立現。Im leaving tomorrow 不僅表示“我明天將動身”是一個既定的決定(decision)或打算(intention),而且表示“我”已 經 對“ 明 天 動 身 ” 做 好 了“ 安 排 ”(arrangement)。 而 Im going to leave tomorrow 只表示“我明天將動身”是一個既定的 decisionintention,但尚未有具 體 的 arrangement。 比 方 說, 如 果 這 個“ 我” 是 坐 飛 機 離 開 的 話,Im leaving tomorrow 應該是一切都安排妥當(All arrangements have been made),至少是機票已經訂好,而 Im going to leave tomorrow 可能就只停留在 decisionintention 階段,對是否有具體的 arrangement 沒有交代。

4.的確,許多臺灣的文法書寫到「be going to」後面應該避免再加上gocomeleave等字。
但本公司外籍教師認為在現今美語此規則並未存在。
例如,我們在許多國外教科書都發現有「
be going to go」的用法:

▲ I'm going to go to the beach.
(Jack Richards
主編 New Interchange 2 p. 29 Cambridge 出版社2005出版)
Are you going to go to the movies?
(Michael McCarthy
主編Touchstone 2 p. 37 Cambridge 出版社2005出版)
We're going to go somewhere for dinner.
(Michael McCarthy
主編Touchstone 2 p. 37 Cambridge 出版社2005出版)
I just finished my homework. Now I'm going to go shopping.
(
大家說英語20028月號 p. 30)

本公司外籍老師認為:若有情境的話,「going to go home」和「going home」是有差別的。如你看到你同事在整理包包,你猜他準備要回家了,你可以詢問他:Are you going to go home?或者Are you going home?。但你若是路上,但到你同事行色匆匆,你大概只會問他Are you going home?


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